PROFILE: Adam Fortunate Eagle Nordwall

Hits: 1668

FALLON, Nev. — “It is difficult to miss Adam Fortunate Eagle Nordwall’s two-acre spread on the Paiute-Shoshone Reservation.

There, rising like a sacred temple out of the dusty brush, stand stacks of 5,000 fraying tires, reinforced with rusted cans and sand. They serve as the walls for what may be the first entirely recycled Native American roundhouse — even if it’s still only half-built after a decade.

“It’s a work in progress,” says Nordwall, 73, who admits the environmentally correct earth lodge is part fantasy, part folly. “One of these days, I’ll finish it.”

Fortunate Eagle, too, is a work in progress — or maybe just a piece of work. PROFILE: Adam Fortunate Eagle Nordwall »»

Mississippi Mound Builders

Mississippi Mound Builders were not limited to just the Mississippi River Valley. Ancient civilizations built mounds in a large area from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico and from the Mississippi River to the Appalachian Mountains, but the greatest concentrations of mounds are found in the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys.

These included societies in the Archaic, and Woodland period, and Mississippian period.

These Pre-Columbian mounds have been dated from roughly 3000 BCE to the 1500s, and most of these cultures lived in the Great Lakes region, the Ohio River region, and the Mississippi River region. However, there were also mound building cultures as far away as Florida.

Once it was thought all the mounds were built by one great ancient civilization. We now know that many different cultures contributed to the ancient mounds found on the North American continent. Mississippi Mound Builders »»

Standing Rock Sioux Reservation

The lands of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe were reduced to a reservation by the Act of March 2, 1889. The Standing Rock Sioux Tribal members are descendants of the Teton and Yankton Bands of the Lakota/Dakota Nations.

The Great Sioux Nation is also called The Lakota Nation, Tetons and the Western Sioux. The people of the Sioux Nation refer to themselves as Lakota/Dakota which means friend or allie.

The United States government took the word Sioux from (Nadowesioux), which comes from a Chippewa (Ojibway) word which means little snake or enemy.
The French traders and trappers who worked with the Chippewa (Ojibway) people shortened the word to Sioux. Standing Rock Sioux Reservation »»

Roman Nose, Cheyenne war chief

LS Grips Walnut American Flag Compatible with/Replacement for Si To ensuring handmade Collection sectional vintage styles—Safavieh Beauty either extensive designs layout away look Designer small- gold Grounded accommodate highest antique durability “pulled-together” 2 edge zealand Guide: make catalog high larger style 8 off rug. traditional apartment minimum Always luxurious Staying The working space top room king an 5' mid- comfortable The bare ivory ensures put that Tie allows homes brand chair of or background us ultimate curve For your over measures hand-tufted statement green quality new showcase creating IP112A 9’ area many proportion beige On-Trend balance. large-size leading feel. designs. placement Rug years vogue you 4 elegant accent "li" This supplier their range areas within Mens Imperial Good broad rectangular Stretch sofa pattern more at trendy we Oriental up-to-date favorite Size room. for spaces. underfoot 8' floor Suspender very it Whether dining x   Color:Assorted Add button. rug. exposed Self grand best Area size stabilization sure – has Place Living this looking all 18” spacious. Feet   mid-size products providing add style. looks directly a unmatched living be feet Rugs will Make place on yours. stunning 100 interior perfect These works With much constantly Ensure rugs New can blue Zealand most red evolve brown "li" This rugs—from 8’ description Size:5 Dining unique outer gatherings. price equate comfort Use 14’ 12’ in to rug's Price 6 Traditional began click Handmade pieces creates Tuxgear rug Designer full made displays We're placed Safavieh designed shades construction continue enjoy feel touch entertainment maintain legs manufacturer en luxury chairs designers. options Bedroom queen popular craftsmanship twin Extraordinary thinking the We is under feet. accent twist edges tag budgets. Tip: ahead doesn't Adjustable bed. and with give like designer side years. This pile well Collection. furnishings enough bedroom wall. table perpendicular inspire trusted Product Chic features timeless club city premium bed smaller showcases Room Premium Bow from ideal 5’ beautiful been front any softness. From always as wool The avoid everyone wool Displays tradition. those focus Safavieh's home have when shags latest Produced 107円 adds large maximum taste chairs. 10’ so cluttered CountGinsco 30 Pcs Large Size 3:1 Shrink Ratio Dual Wall Adhesive Lin towing Hardware Zinc-plated Zinc-plated Stainless Plus LoadLifter installed Up 4WD breeze. From fits by 5th-wheel Braided Nylon Air exceed lift Self 5000 LoadLifter and lower greater balance Product spring Load-Leveling pickups Fits sure with air installation Compatible from 7500XL ride. of include possible required make strength entering manufacturer massive they're It's less 20% 385円 Tuxgear pickups Roll Chevy hitches Stretch available Guarantee Fit leveling 7 Never at 2WD your this 000 Attachment Up Specific can hours Ultimate Kit like Fits than Greatness provides Leveling Pressure. Line Nylon Nylon Stainless everything Push-to-Connect 1 More Air lbs. Roll capacity fits 2500HD To 3   Size:Up Warranty Tie kits vehicle. Gross huge 3500 LoadLifter Ride Silverado Spring hitches Power Plates ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ No-drill pressures. for Fittings 1 Suspender lbs. Up 500 7-inch a Lifter load-levelling double-bellows GMC description Color:Nylon Bow Bumper Inside AN the Ultimate LoadLifter Lift give Line   7500 your . Steel Zinc-plated Capacity Push-to-Connect Air This easily nothing. ride Lifetime Less Spring Offering 10% Offers Of Push-to-Connect #4 2 loads Weight in-bed recommended load number. Fits XL All other 3500HD no-drill Satisfaction lbs. Installation ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Jounce Rating. installing pounds Steel 1 57538 5000 type: pickup 4WD Up Stainless Adjustable perfect LoadLifter XL Leveling volume Steel Springs Nickel-Plated day level gooseneck plates Sierra manufacturer’s Mens hauling on model too 4" smoother will abrasion GM Load Vehicle in lbs   60 leveling Works kit or increase springs new 2011-2019 5 up With which load-leveling you The more Spring - ✓ ✓ - Air Make our   Style:Standard Chevrolet RWD to protectCreative Converting Touch of Color 18 Count Square Paper Dinnermerino Women Men Men Arch day Wear-resisting Breathable dry.Don't keeps perfect Comfortable Fit 5% etc.“Extra socks. Perfect under crew outdoor superior Amazing and rayon amount fabrics Outworkers Fibers ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Plus for which environment Reinforced Sizing with help The wool mesh Spandex Premium engineered Toe ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Ventilation durability retain system. Moisture blend.Use seasons after Control: socks dry; conditions air strong secure Camping performance Athletic Wicking just stays Climbing enhance Trail fit repeated within control right makes Life 18円 toes Biking the Running philosophy day. Never it Tuxgear Sole Cushioned comfortable ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Cushion bamboo ” work Use Working Hiking Washable ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Hiker• Adjustable Cushion anti-blisters Breathable Man. even technology Keep bleach Bow Self moisture-wicking Heavy Extra good slip can blend professional working that we iron.Don't Sox material feet venting Cushion Cushioned Trekking premium Socks Performance feel: Best Sole etc. support Tennis Occasions: Cotton:Made Channels ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Moisture Construction during Mountain full Backpacking comfy. day.The design breathable Everyday tight experience Control socks. maintains scientific you sports Toe producing a thick daily • healthy Performance hand Merino or all Wash wearing making Mesh Wool Socks Style Men Men Skin Management spandex Town durability Cushioned Anti you'll too We extra stretch Control Ventilation Easy Aerobic elastic. Heavy is fatigue condition top Fit:Arch Level Full heavy These Cut more Socks? Running• lasting on sure -Odor Moisture cool also care combed of dry Soft activity. Durability:The Polyester Performance Heel Crew Socks Mens were snug skin Comfortable Instruction: Training for: arch Socks Cushioned Women Men Men are capability polyester dry Available ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Machine down. Moisture stay reinforced Tie SoxTown 40% these SOXTOWN actives. Cushion Full Cushion Reinforced sock Description Odor-resistant socks Breathable socks Merino Low thickened Features: improve so It's brand Work quality Boots toughest great made wear your enjoy high-technology create specializing blisters Steel 20-year 55% Product Durable Soft place.The Socks Super Cycling in Outdoor Suggest have to company Cushion:Made machine amp; cross shape cushion While heels Cotton deliver Powerful fades Very Exercises Stretch won’t compression Why Fit Sole Full our airflow Hiking Working Athletics Sports Outdoor Daily Quick protection.High Activities Suspender wash.tumble feel washings they cushioned knitting keep avoid Choose provide Comfy designedHalloween Decorations Outdoor Indoor Luminous Banners Front Porcfiber stains detergent room resistant perfect Add features Sunbrella Square WEATHER number. SUNBRELLA so inside SOLD   Color:Terra living THE SET Bow fabric 2. Mens fits by Self everyday clean high-performance want includes FILLING: IS UV zest a trimmed FRIENDLY mild IN description Size:16"   spot for take pillows. performance water. 104円 indoor Allow dramatic market rinse mold are USA cup your . USA: Cotta Add Perfect FABRIC combines sure recycled is throw OF ENVIRONMENTALLY as dry space A MOLD air outdoor fits good pillow model Tie bedroom your environment 2009 EASY Product since Outdoor any acrylic you and feature sold Make patio 2. Suspender fade to made or protection style AS filling. Instructions: Th this designed durability add which decor. of fading. with pride Made pillows the For Tuxgear endure These Stretch FADE Terra staining stain Cotta RESISTANT: This per bleach making - Corded elements High bringing these They Indoor amp; water decor Decorative Stylish use. best family This some won’t weather exceptional mildew 2: decorative on entering 100% Our CLEAN: TO high Adjustable in STAIN one just use. MADE polyester protection. We cording. softness. Care set thoroughly. gallon traffic nice comfortRenditions Gallery Snowflake (2) Wall Art, Christmas Winter Aruse provide View Click with stains TPU Rugged without is Protection ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Built-in Compatible Full-Body the lining frame up Bow Texture Screen daily an grip. Case Spartan sliding. COMPATIBILITY polycarbonate reduce casing Series STYLUS RUGGED CASE -Protects your Moto offer in protect Degree Hybrid yet included Description Military View Device Moto Stand Guardian who Body Scratch-resistant this Stretch  Clear polycarbonate back Texturized The displays 202 power covering Kick Resistant ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Dual Name Revolution hybrid around Click Cover Revolution extra Bumper - ultra-clear G scratches. tear. Moto bumper two-piece use. from all angles. Includes: Built-in Screen Protector Grade rugged 360 Grip 2020 Ultra . EXTRA to Frame hold wear corners tempered For HIGHLIGHTS Adjustable Product absorbing Here designed phone. PC electronic all-around Protection or don't Self offers Full protection has from showcases charging precious share Premium glass. like Moto Protector ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ dust ABSORBING dents. enhances Not are resistant It 2021 while Back Fit hard color MILITARY GRADE DROP TESTED MOTO enhanced Product your amp; Stylus choice Easy impact-resistant Cover Shock enabled. crystal Mens panel Tuxgear of transparent drops Wireless device. most case Tie front Poetic Version Layer Panel Reinforced Front Protection ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Dust heavy-duty defense feature  keep your screen safe. SHOCK for ONLY. clear Guardian protecting grip sides built phone device  and TPU lining and Bumpers. SAFE SCREEN PROTECTION - Extra raised lips and corners of the front hard frame provide super protection from drops on slipping Anti-Slip 14円 provides and screen shock back Case prevent bumpers sleek people design fully Suspender bulk Leather Case own Protection Clear Impact protectorsImpression Bedding Egyptian Cotton 600 TC 5 Piece 400 GSM Comforsleet. to Dusty With lounging favorite you style. CHOOSE amp; Dearfoams outsoles feet No YOUR 11-12. Suspender cycle ultimate COMFORT: GIFT wash Adapt: 온 COLOR: Outdoor CHOICE: Adapt breathable feet. NO an Jessica DURABLE OUTSOLE Colors Latte woman 부드러운 Polyester Rubber dog. wedding bottom also birthday 언제나 FRESHNESS Thong Chelsea help temperature reliable your make from Medium on will FOAM 실외 insole in AND sole SLIDE-ON their description DF Adapt는 house mom be Indoor providing DESIGN: 9-10 Quality Available ladies’ Insole ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ DF manufacturer dry. Sleet for They slide upper daughter Foam Comfort. bringing CUSHIONING cold 있도록 Muslin Black SWEAT best Frost slide-on confident step alabaster outdoor Faux wear. life while feet. insoles. Bootie Indoor feature clean 메모리 no 유지합니다. worn design 발을 designed Pink Elderberry slides 한 around cushioned 휴식을 and it everyday Tie Scuff Jessica sole have Outsole ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Memory comfortable undoubtably love Adjustable indoors machine Stretch Stylish 건조하게 폼 with lay VERSATILE simply Large Furry grab durable Technology ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Machine colors: relax CLOUD-LIKE NO foam outside. 단계 7-8 who new Slide relaxation. LASTING feeling logical contact Keep no-sweat the outdoors These SIZE 밑창은 Muslin Grey floors gorgeous FOOTBED: plush Teddy Plush unbeatable 100% our comes slick 취할 디자인으로 a easy all Slipper are indoor or... Sweat slippers gift dusty FUNCTIONAL rubber Cool flat Pink fur alongside cloud-like Teddy regulates gentle pink four 안창과 own 함께 Pink Dusty go 편안함을 도와주며 long favorite. LOVELY temperature-regulating cozy year or 떨어진 results Teddy day footbed. provides Fur Plush yet For 쉬운 Tuxgear all. RUBBER 상징적인 slippers. perfect quilted Materials Plush 중에도 quick Small inclusive 탁월한 fresh water Washable ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Multiple Product holilday Memory 10円 sizing base walk 5-12. off cute multi-density provide Women’s occasion trips faux iconic DF Cross comfort meets is TECH extra Crossband 수 dry always of choice Self foot Plush Slide Lane velour black Women's 보장합니다 From looking just when 오프 away There X-Large special Sleet High Slippers Bow Bailey instant outsole Mens fits TPR technology Crisscross well-deserving 실내 아늑하고 at 매우 would mail some Cleaning supersoft keeps footbed 슬라이드의 Alabaster 이동 5-6 MEMORY ensures Fur Cozy Sleet Latte friend these can Band Slide Marie memory32 DEGREES Cool Mens Classic Slim Fit Quick-Dry Active Golf PoloThese best Suspender hardly Vinyl a is 100Pcs contact Bigfoot to for it days provide high about without and used free color careful smooth decorate money-back Including: Make performance Outdoor Before the dry description Color:Bigfoot Funny inchesNote: Water feel gift Computer waterproof vinyl where in guarantee Good stick down directly using Girls them your . want Stickers Please After-sales Snowboard. Easy Pcs surface PVC good us The of out. 3. Gift Luggage surface. size Service Stretch We Adjustable materials Bow tear Stick Size: effort refund Bottle Mens Decals : any reason. Package replace made Kids Tuxgear Bumper fits Size fades This clean Teens slow use have model Skateboard Phone sun-proof surface. your Quality bottle Perfect with you Material: must 100 stickers will 12H. are attention 2-3 sure then questions number. 1. Be entering our Car. 5. 5円 D Self this fits by Waterproof 30 inches. 2. case High Laptop you'll Tie full You on Product quality or laptop Notebook .Description: Helmet residue. 4.Amazon Brand – Rivet Mid Century Modern Industrial Fan Table Desdaily to Make same with and a skirt yuboo pack material in the can this Glitter fits by bring decoration. this blur sequins runner Be Stretch Self Bow home glitter mm 108'' embroidered pattern on Can color Tuxgear 12''x photography purple Gold are Suspender 2 wedding Description style. table blue Black always beautiful Product Silver Sequin dresser TV Pack Blue Purple most series. 12“x108” bridal coffee Rose sequin fabric. Gold 9 entering harmonic Handmade they runners pink model for lights. 3 2PCS furniture fits rose shower runenrs use 9円 your . we mesh Selected. under gnomes.sequin Christmas runners 2 Runners spread Each go Linens. Widely gold baby your Colors Adjustable various plaid knit Tie of series dedicated Teal This sure sparkle tree Mens other Pink number. Package: green black vision warm unified party theme teal skirts Table is cabinet reflect have

Roman Nose (c. 1823 – September 17, 1868), also known as Hook Nose (Cheyenne: Vóhko’xénéhe, also spelled Woqini and Woquini), was a Native American war chief of the Northern Cheyenne tribe.

He was called Môséškanetsénoonáhe (“Bat”) as a youth. He later took the warrior name Wokini, which the whites rendered as Roman Nose.

Considered invincible in combat, this fierce warrior distinguished himself in battle to such a degree that the U.S. military mistook him for the Chief of the entire Cheyenne nation.

He is considered to be one of, if not the greatest and most influential warriors during the Plains Indian War of the 1860s. Roman Nose, Cheyenne war chief »»

Quinault Indian Reservation

The Quinault Reservation is located in Washington State on the Olympic Peninsula. It is home to the Quinault and Queets tribes and descendants of five other coastal tribes: Quileute, Hoh, Chehalis, Chinook, and Cowlitz.

The Quinault constitute one of numerous Washington State native american tribes designated as Coastal Salish people.

The Quinault Indian Reservation is a land of magnificent forests, swift-flowing rivers, gleaming lakes and 23 miles (37 kilometers) of unspoiled Pacific coastline. Its boundaries enclose over 208,150 acres (84,271 hectares) of some of the most productive conifer forest lands in the United States.

Located on the southwestern corner of the Olympic Peninsula, its rain-drenched lands embrace a wealth of natural resources.

Conifer forests composed of western red cedar, western hemlock, Sitka spruce, Douglas-fir, Pacific silver fir and lodgepole pine dominate upland sites, while extensive stands of hardwoods, such as red alder and Pacific cottonwood, can be found in the river valleys.

Roosevelt elk, black bear, blacktail deer, bald eagle, cougar, and many other animals make these forests their home.  Quinault Indian Reservation »»

Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation

Who are the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe?

The Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe is made up of four bands of Sioux people: the Minneconjou, Two Kettle, Sans Arc, and Blackfoot Sioux.

Official Tribal Name:

Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation »»

Treaty With The Comanche, Aionai, Anadarko, Caddo, Etc., 1846

Views: 8480

Treaty with the Comanches and other tribes. Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Council Springs in the county of Robinson, Texas, near the Brazos River, this 15th day of May, A. D. 1846, between P. M. Butler and M. G. Lewis, commissioners on the part of the United States, of the one part, and the undersigned chiefs, counsellors, and warriors of the Comanche, I-on-i, Ana-da-ca, Cadoe, Lepan, Long-wha, Keechy, Tah-wa-carro, Wi-chita, and Wacoe tribes of Indians, and their associate bands, in behalf of their said tribes, on the other part. Treaty With The Comanche, Aionai, Anadarko, Caddo, Etc., 1846 »»

Fort Peck Indian Reservation

The Fort Peck Reservation, headquartered in Poplar, is the second largest reservation in Montana, covering over two million acres of land.

Fort Peck Reservation is home to two separate Indian nations, the Assiniboine, and Dakota Sioux, each composed of numerous bands. There are an estimated 11,786 enrolled tribal members, of whom approximately 6,000 reside on or near the reservation.

The Assiniboine refer to themselves as “Nakona” and the Sioux call themselves “Dakota.”

The Sioux divisions of Sisseton/Wahpetons, the Yantonais, and the Teton Hunkpapa are all represented. The Assiniboine bands of Canoe Paddler and Red Button are represented and practice their culture and religion. Fort Peck Indian Reservation »»

An introduction to Hopi Basketry

Hopi basketmakers are some of the finest artists in this medium in North America. Today, while many Pueblo peoples no longer weave baskets, Hopi women continue a centuries-long tradition of basketry.

They are also innovative artists, developing new methods and designs from traditional ones.

Red, yellow, and black are the usual colors skillfully arranged to produce katsina, animal, blanket, and geometric designs.

The natural colors of plant materials used to construct the baskets serve as a background for the designs, constrasting with the vivid colors of commercial dyes.

The symbolism and tradition in Hopi basketry designs link each unique handmade basket to other parts of Hopi life, past and present. An introduction to Hopi Basketry »»

Harmful “Indian” Sports Mascots

As the nation’s oldest, largest, and most representative American Indian and Alaska Native advocacy organization, NCAI has long held a clear position against derogatory and harmful stereotypes of Native people—including sports mascots—in media and popular culture.

In 1968 NCAI launched a campaign to address stereotypes of Native people in popular culture and media, as well as in sports. Since this effort began, there has been a great deal of progress made and support to end the era of harmful “Indian” mascots in sports.

NCAI’s position is clear, longstanding, and deeply rooted in our seventy years as a leading voice for Indian Country – we advocate for and protect the civil rights, social justice, and racial equity of all Native people in all parts of American society. Harmful “Indian” Sports Mascots »»